Beijing Shijingshan Hospital was established in 1987. In 1996, the hospital was rated as a second-class general hospital. The project is located at No. 24, Shijingshan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing. The north side is Shijingshan Road, the south is Lugu Road, the west is to the Fifth Ring Road, and the east is Cuiyuan West Street.
Given the problems in the hospital, such as old facade, mixed traffic and chaotic functions, party A felt obligated to reconstruct and transform the hospital. The project involved: reorganize the master plan; redesign the plan and facade of the outpatient and emergency; redesign the layer plan of the South inpatient.
Compared with other architecture design, the hospital design is much more complicated due to various rules and professional knowledge. Therefore, learning methods of hospital design and contemporary design trends from existing hospitals and tons of literature reviews is our first step.
Conducting case studies
Through experiencing functions layout and operating mode of four different-age hospitals and observation patients' behavior, we had a comprehensive understanding of how to plan the hospital, how to organize various functions and how to design different streamlines of all kinds of users.
Studying design trends
Reading professional literature and talking with expertise allowed us to gain more insights into modern design standards and provided us with inspiration before starting to design. There were four critical trends in hospital design:
Being equipped with methods of hospital design and contemporary design trends, we conducted tons of field trips in Shijingshan Hospital. And we categorized the problems we found into three aspects to help us find the proper solution later.
Finding a solution
After understanding problems in Shijingshan Hospital, we drew different scenarios focused on each problem to help us generate a simple but efficient solution.
We chose to apply linear elements, like bridge and main street, to connect different medical spaces. Surrounded by transitive spaces, traffic spaces and atriums, the main street served as a landmark to help patients locate their position much easier.
Let's look at the reconstruction process first.
Temporary parking buildings and garbage disposal stations that affected the image of the hospital district and the medical technology department that was hard for patients to find and to reach were demolished and moved to the underground and outpatient buildings. The underground space of the current garden was used to build a park, which would save a lot of ground area for greening and building squares that could evacuate the crowd. After categorizing and integrating functions, we inserted the bridge to connect different functional blocks and extend it to the interior to connect cores, which shaped a traffic center of the hospital.
To better represent the reconstruction outcomes, here are some perspectives in response to the above-discussed problems:
Improve the appearance & Separate flows